Candidiasis-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Causative Agent, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Candida albicans growth on SDA after 2 days of incubation

Introduction Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida fungi, commonly Candida albicans. These fungi naturally live on the skin and inside the body, like in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing problems. However, if the environment inside the body changes or the immune …

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K. oxytoca-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

K. oxytoca growth on CLED agar

Introduction Klebsiella oxytoca, often abbreviated as K. oxytoca, is a species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. This bacterium is closely related to Klebsiella pneumoniae, another well-known member of the same genus. It is a versatile microorganism that can be found in …

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Mucoid lactose fermenting (MLF) colony of Klebsiella pneumoniae and non-lactose fermenting (NLF) colony of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia on MacConkey medium of clinical specimen-sputum culture

Introduction Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the class Gammaproteobacteria. It is an opportunistic pathogen known for its ability to cause infections, particularly in individuals with compromised immune systems or underlying health conditions. The bacterium was initially considered to be of low …

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Acinetobacter: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Acinetobacter: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Acinetobacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria that are commonly found in the environment, including soil, water, and healthcare settings. While some species of Acinetobacter are harmless and part of the normal flora on human skin, others can cause opportunistic infections, particularly in healthcare-associated …

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