Candidiasis-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Causative Agent, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Candida albicans growth on SDA after 2 days of incubation

Introduction Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida fungi, commonly Candida albicans. These fungi naturally live on the skin and inside the body, like in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing problems. However, if the environment inside the body changes or the immune …

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Ascaris lumbricoides-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Adult Ascaris lumbricoides (roundworm)

Introduction Ascaris lumbricoides, commonly known as the “giant roundworm,” is a parasitic nematode (roundworm) that infects the intestines of humans. It is one of the most prevalent and widespread parasitic infections in the world, particularly in areas with poor sanitation and hygiene practices. Here is …

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Food Poisoning:  Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Common Pathogens, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Introduction Food poisoning, also known as foodborne illness, is a widespread and potentially serious public health concern that occurs when individuals consume contaminated or spoiled food. It is caused by the ingestion of harmful microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, or their toxins, which can …

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Trichomonas vaginalis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Trichomonas vaginalis is a parasitic protozoan that causes the sexually transmitted infection (STI) known as trichomoniasis. This unicellular organism primarily infects the urogenital tract in both men and women. Trichomoniasis is one of the most common curable STIs worldwide. Here are some key points …

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Scabies: Introduction, Sign and Symptoms, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Introduction Scabies is a common and contagious skin infestation caused by the microscopic mite Sarcoptes scabiei. It is prevalent worldwide and can affect people of all ages and socioeconomic backgrounds. Scabies mites burrow into the top layer of the skin, where they lay eggs and …

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Scopulariopsis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Chains of single-celled conidia and conidiophores(annellides) of Scopulariopsis in LPCB Tease mount of culture microscopy

Introduction Scopulariopsis is a genus of filamentous fungi belonging to the class Ascomycota. It is a widespread and diverse group of fungi found in various environmental niches. Scopulariopsis species (they) are commonly present in soil, decaying organic matter, and indoor environments. The name “Scopulariopsis” is …

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