Candidiasis-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Causative Agent, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Candida albicans growth on SDA after 2 days of incubation

Introduction Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida fungi, commonly Candida albicans. These fungi naturally live on the skin and inside the body, like in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing problems. However, if the environment inside the body changes or the immune …

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Fusarium oxysporum: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Fusarium oxysporum growth on SDA tube

Introduction Fusarium oxysporum is a filamentous fungus belonging to the genus Fusarium. It is a widespread and economically significant plant pathogen that affects a wide range of crops, causing various diseases collectively known as “Fusarium wilt” or “Fusarium yellows.” This pathogen can infect over 100 …

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Curvularia: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Curvularia Colony characteristics on SDA-Reverse side view

Introduction Curvularia is a genus of filamentous fungi belonging to the family Pleosporaceae, commonly found in soil, decaying plant material, and various environmental niches. These fungi are known for their distinctive curved or sigmoid-shaped conidia (asexual spores), which give the genus its name. Characteristics: Pathogenicity: …

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Trichosporon: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Trichosporon colony morphology on potato dextrose agar (PDA) of clinical specimen culture

Introduction Trichosporon is a genus of yeast-like fungi that belongs to the phylum Basidiomycota. It is commonly found in the environment, especially in soil, water, and various organic matter. Trichosporon species can be opportunistic pathogens, and they are known to cause infections in both humans …

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