Candidiasis-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Causative Agent, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Candida albicans growth on SDA after 2 days of incubation

Introduction Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida fungi, commonly Candida albicans. These fungi naturally live on the skin and inside the body, like in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing problems. However, if the environment inside the body changes or the immune …

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Staphylococcus hominis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Staphylococcus hominis colony morphology on blood agar

Introduction Staphylococcus hominis is a type of bacteria commonly found on human skin. It is part of the natural skin flora, living harmlessly in most cases. However, it can cause infections, especially in people with weakened immune systems or with implanted medical devices. These infections …

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Lactate Test-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Test Methods, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction A lactate test, also known as a lactic acid test, is a medical diagnostic test that measures the concentration of lactate in the blood. Lactate is a molecule produced when the body breaks down glucose for energy, particularly during periods of intense physical activity …

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Blood Culture: Introduction,Common Blood Pathogens, Test Report, Clinical Singificance,and Keynotes

BD BACTEC blood culture vial

Introduction Blood culture is a diagnostic test performed to detect the presence of microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, in the bloodstream. It is a critical tool used by healthcare providers to identify and treat bloodstream infections or septicemia, which can be life-threatening if not …

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