Introduction of Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test
Table of Contents
An Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test measures the level of AMH in the blood which corresponds to egg count in females. It also acts as an indicator of a woman’s reproductive health. Applications of this hormone are as follows-
- Estimation of the number of eggs in the ovary
- The prognosis (treatment)
- To know the response against injectable fertility drugs to stimulate ovaries to mature multiple eggs in preparation for IVF (in vitro fertilization).
- To determine if an ovarian mass is a granulosa cell tumor
- To diagnose polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test- Test Result, Unit, Normal Range, Test Method, and Clinical Significance
Agewise AMH Level
As AMH level naturally declines with age and its level according to age is given in a table.
|Age (years)||Blood Level (ng/mL)|
Keynotes on Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) Test
- Anti-Mullerian Hormone (AMH) plays an important role in developing a baby’s sex organs while in the womb. Its level is higher in male babies, as this prevents them from developing female reproductive organs while female babies only need a small amount of AMH for their development.
- AMH levels naturally decline with age and thus its higher level is not always a good thing. It may be high in some people with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) as shown in the above table.
- The range of test reports may vary slightly from laboratory to laboratory due to using different equipment.
- The AMH test can’t predict fertility.
- Even both men (people assigned male at birth) and women (people assigned female at birth) produce anti-mullerian hormone (AMH), but it is tested only in women especially to provide a woman’s reproductive health status.