Diabetes Package (Female): Introduction, Related assays, and Keynotes

Introduction of Diabetes Package (Female)

Diabetes Package (Female) is a combination of laboratory tests, radiological assays, and clinicians consultations regarding the worsening of health status in a female diabetic patient and this package will provide a clear concept for diabetic patients to control their diabetic status.

Diabetes Package (Female): Introduction, Related assays, and Keynotes
Fig. Collecting blood for Diabetes Package (Female)

Related Tests of Diabetes Package (Female)

Related Tests of Diabetes Package (Female) are as follows-

Clinical Laboratory Tests List-

  1. Urine Routine Examination (urine R/E): Urine R/E commonly applies to detect and manage a wide range of disorders and some of them are urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney disease, and diabetes.
  2. CBC (Complete blood count): A count of the total number of red blood cells (RBCs), white blood cells(WBCs), and platelets present in the blood.
  3. ESR (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) test: It uses to diagnose conditions that cause inflammation like temporal arteritis, autoimmune diseases, cancers, and infections.
  4. CRP (C-Reactive Protein): It is a non-specific test but a marker of inflammatory conditions and its increased level in blood found in bone infection, osteomyelitis, an arthritis flare-up, inflammatory bowel disease, tuberculosis, lupus, another connective tissue disease, or another autoimmune disease, cancer, especially lymphoma, and pneumonia.
  5. Lipid Profile Test: This profile contains serum total cholesterol, serum HDL cholesterol, Serum triglycerides, and LDL. This panel of tests assists predicts the risk for heart disease and stroke.
  6. Renal/Kidney Function Test (RFT): RFT includes Sodium, Potassium, Urea, and Creatinine. Healthy kidneys help remove waste from the body and RFT function tests check how well the kidneys are working.
  7. Liver Function Test (LFT): The major contents of LFT are SGOT, SGPT, Alkaline phosphate (ALP), Total Protein, and Albumin: Its functions are clear from the title, and thus it helps to screen for liver infections, and disease prognosis, alcoholic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, and monitor possible effects of medications.
  8. Blood calcium test: It uses to check the level of calcium in the blood for your general health check-up which is clinically significant in clinical conditions like bones, kidneys, digestive system, thyroid, and parathyroid glands.
  9. Blood uric acid test: It is a product of the metabolic breakdown of purine nucleotides and its increased level is in gout, kidney stones, kidney failure and also taking medication for diabetes.
  10. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH): It is a pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxine, and then triiodothyronine which stimulates the metabolism of almost all tissues in the body. This is the reason, TSH is the common hormone test requested by the doctor to check your body’s metabolic activities. If the level of TSH is higher than normal, the condition is called hypothyroidism while a level less than normal, is called hyperthyroidism.
  11. HbA1c (Hemoglobin A1c )/Glyco Hb: It is a very useful test reflecting blood glucose levels over a period of the last 10 -12 weeks for our body and it’s a key assay for diabetic patients to know their 3 months past status of glucose level.
  12. Vitamin- D Test: It is essential for healthy bones and teeth that also assists keep your muscles, nerves, and immune system working normally. Osteomalacia, osteoporosis, and rickets are caused due to low levels of vitamin D in the blood.
  13. Vitamin- B12 assay is beneficial for several bodily processes, including nerve function, and the production of DNA, and erythrocytes thus its low levels can cause neurological symptoms, fatigue, constipation, and weight loss while its high levels may indicate liver disease and diabetes.
  1. Urine Microalbumin/microalbuminuria: It is a urine test that is useful for detecting kidney complications (nephropathy) very early.

Other Tests and Doctor Consultations

  1. Chest X-Ray: This X-ray uses is to detect infection or air collecting in the space around a lung and also cancer. It is also beneficial in chronic lung conditions. e.g. emphysema and cystic fibrosis.
  1. Electrocardiography (ECG): It is normally used alongside other assays to help diagnose and monitor conditions affecting the heart.
  2. Echocardiography (ECHO): ECHO is safer than X-ray and it is used to diagnose and monitor certain heart conditions. In it checking the structure of the heart and surrounding blood vessels, analyzing how blood flows through them, and evaluating the pumping chambers of the heart is done.
  3. TMT(Treadmill Test)/ ABP(Ambulatory Blood Test)/ Holter (It is a type of ambulatory electrocardiography portable device for cardiac monitoring.)
  4. Bone Mineral Densitometry(BMD)
  5. Pulmonary Function Test (PFT)
  6. Physician Consultation
  7. Dental Consultation
  8. Mammography
  9. USG Abdomen and Pelvis
  10. USG Carotid Doppler
  11. Ophthalmologist Consultation

Keynotes on Diabetes Package

  • Diabetes is a chronic disease due to an imbalance of insulin and insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose. Diabetes happens either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively utilize the insulin it produces.
  • Diabetes can only be treated and controlled but never cured.
  • The addition and subtraction of tests and clinician consultations may vary according to the severity of the diabetes status of a patient.

In hyperthyroidism, the following clinical conditions may arise-

  1. Tremor of Fingers
  2. Weight Loss
  3. Warm, Moist Palms
  4. Bulging Eyes
  5. Nervousness
  6. Sweating
  7. Enlarged Thyroid
  8. Rapid Heartbeat
  9. Heart Intolerance
  10. Irritability
  11. Infertility
  12. Muscle Weakness
  13. Scant Menstrual Periods
  14. Hair Loss
  15. Frequent Bowel Movement

The clinical conditions that are common in hypothyroidism-

  1. Dry, Coarse Hair
  2. Enlarged Thyroid
  3. Puffy Face
  4. Slow Heartbeat
  5. Arthritis
  6. Cold Intolerance
  7. Depression
  8. Dry Skin
  9. Forgetfulness
  10. Infertility
  11. Muscle Aches
  12. Weight Gain
  13. Constipation
  14. Brittle Nails
  15. Heavy Menstrual Periods

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