Anti-alpha-1 Antitrypsin Antibodies-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Test Methods, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) is a blood protein that functions as a protease inhibitor, particularly protecting the lungs from damage by inhibiting enzymes released during inflammatory reactions. Anti-alpha-1 antitrypsin antibodies are specialized proteins that target and bind to AAT, and they have a variety of …

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Sputum Culture and Sensitivity: Introduction, Report, Clinical Significance, Common Pathogens, and Keynotes

A step of sample inoculation on blood agar for Sputum Culture and Sensitivity

Introduction Sputum culture and sensitivity is a medical laboratory test used to identify and determine the susceptibility of bacteria or other microorganisms present in a patient’s sputum, a mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract. This diagnostic test is crucial in …

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