Laboratories in Nepal: Introduction, Category, Address, and Keynotes

Introduction of Medical Laboratories in Nepal

There are two types of medical/clinical laboratories in Nepal. One is a private laboratory while another is a government laboratory but both are monitored by National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL). NPHL is the government national reference laboratory under the Department of health services (DoHS) and the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP). It was established in 1968 as Central Health Laboratory (CHL) and the later name was changed to National Public Health Laboratory in 1991.

The major functions of MPHL are networking, licensing private laboratories, monitoring, supervision, capacity, strengthening and conducting research activities, and the national external quality assurance scheme (NEQAS) of the laboratories. Depending on test load and manpower NPHL has categorized private laboratories into 5 types i.e. A to E and the list of such laboratories is mentioned below the table. NPHL also provides quality laboratory services to the people of Nepal through central, Regional, Sub-regional, Zonal, District, and primary health care (PHC) based government laboratories.

Laboratories in Nepal: Introduction, Category, Address, and Keynotes
Fig. Molecular Laboratory-A step of Nucleic Acid Extraction

Name, Address, and Category of Laboratories of Nepal

S.NoName of LaboratoriesAddressCategoryWebsite Link
1.National Reference Lab Pvt. Ltd.New Baneshwor-10, KtmA
2.Nepal Mediciti (Unit of Ashwins Medical College & Hospital Pvt. Ltd.)Sainbu-18, Bhaisepati, LalitpurA
3.Medi Quest Laboratory ClinicJawalakhel, LalitpurA
4.Siddhi Poly Path LabCharkhal, KathmanduA
5.Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching Hospital Pvt. Ltd.Swayambhu, KathmanduA
6.HAMS HospitalDhumbarahi, KathmanduA
7.Star Hospital Pvt. Ltd.Sanepa, LalitpurA
8.Bidh Lab Pvt. Ltd.Kupandole-10, LalitpurA
9.Crystal Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd.Sinamangal, Kathmandu  A
10.Alpha Health Care & Diagnostic Centre Pvt. Ltd.Bijuli Bazar, KathmanduA
11.Modern Diagnostic Center Pvt. Ltd.Maharajgunj, KathmanduA
12.Central Diagnostic Laboratory & Research Centre P. Ltd.Kamalpokhari, KTMA
13.Life Care Diagnostics & Research CentreNewroad, PokharaA
14.Mangalam Diagnostic Centre P. Ltd.Birgunj-5, ParsaA
15.B-Sure Path Lab and Diagnostic Centre Pvt. Ltd.Biratnagar-4, MorangA
16.Naya Lab Naya Pathology Pvt. Ltd.Biratnagar, MorangA
17. Universal Institute of Advanced Studies & Research Private Limited (UCMSTH)Bhairahawa, RupandehiA
18.National Path Lab & Research Centre P. Ltd.Butwal, RupandehiA
1.SRL Diagnostics Nepal Pvt. Ltd.Life Care Center, 3rd Floor, Ward No. 3, MaharajgunjB
2.Dr. Lal PathLabs1st Floor, Kundalini Diagnostic Centre, KMC, ChandolB
3.Samyak Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.2nd Floor, Norkhang Complex, Jawalakhel, LalitpurB
4.Interpid Nepal Pvt. Ltd.Prashuti Griha Marg, ThapathaliB
5.Medi Quest Laboratory Clinic P. Ltd.Pulchowk, LalitpurB
6.Krown Laboratory & Referral Centre P. Ltd.Bhatbhateni, KTMB
7.Health Link Reliable Lab & Clinic Pvt. LtdLagankhel, LalitpurB
8.Niramaya Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.Devkota Marg-31, KTMB
9.Reliable Diagnostic Laboratory Nepal P. Ltd.Gongabu, KTMB
Norvic International & Medical College P. Ltd.
Thapathali, KTMB
11.Bayodha HospitalBalkhu, KathmanduB
12.Diabetes, Thyroid & Endocrine Care CentreKupandol, LalitpurB
13.Kathmandu Pathology & Diagnostic Centre Pvt. Ltd.Maharajgunj Plaza,
Maharajgunj, near sales berry, Kathmandu, Nepal
14.Bio Diagnostics Path Labs Nepal Pvt. Ltd.3rd Floor, Oil Mill Building, Opposite Universal Cafe, Sukedhara, KathmanduB
15.Manmohan Memorial Medical College and Teaching HospitalSwoyambhu-15, Kathmandu, NepalB
Nova International Diagnostics Pvt. Ltd.
Kusunti Height, LalitpurB
17.B. & B. Hospital Pvt. Ltd.Gwarko, LalitpurB
18.Grande International HospitalDhapasi-4, KTM
Vision Diagnostic Pvt. Ltd.
Birta-4, Birgunj, ParsaB
20.Seed Medical Laboratories Pvt. Ltd.Bharatpur, ChitwanB
Nirnayak Diagnostics & Referral Centre P. Ltd.
Bharatpur, ChitwanB
Capital Reference Lab P. Ltd
Bharatpur, ChitwanB
Right Diagnostic Centre and Referral Centre
Bharatpur, ChitwanB
24.S.E.E.D. Medical LaboratoriesButwal-6, RupandehiB
25.Life care Diagnostics & Research Centre Dhangadhi P. Ltd.Dhangadhi, KailaliB
Focus Reference Diagnostic Centre
Biratnagar, MorangB
Genomic Diagnostic Laboratory Pvt. Ltd.
Butwal, RupandehiB
28.Terai Hospital & Research Centre Pvt. Ltd.Birgunj, ParsaB
29.Narayani Central Diagnostic Laboratory P. Ltd.Birta-3, BirgunjB
Complete Diagnostics Center Pvt. Ltd.
Janakpurdham, JanakpurB
Quality Reference Laboratory Pvt. Ltd.
Janakpur, DhanushaB
32.Nepal Netra Jyoti SanghBiratnagar, MorangB
33.N.R.L. PokharaNew road, PokharaB
34.N.R.L. ChitwanBharatpur, Chitwan B
35.N.R.L. ButwalButwal, Rupandehi B
N.R.L. Birtamod
Birtamode, Jhapa B
37.N.R.L. Biratnagar
Birtamode, Morang
38.Genomic Diagnostic LaboratoryTulsipur, DangB
39.National Path Lab and Research CenterChorahi, DangB
40.Bageshwori Diagnostic & Polyclinic Center Pvt LtdNepalgunj-10, BankeB
41.Nidan Diagnostic & Health Care Pvt. LtdNepalgunj, BankeB
42.Sagarmatha Diagnostic CenterNepalgunj, BankeB
43.Banepa Diagnostic Laboratory and Research Center Pvt. Ltd.Banepa, KavreB
Table: List of Private Laboratories

Keynotes on Medical Laboratories

  • C, D, and E categorized laboratories are registered in local government bodies and PPHL.
  • NPHL itself is a sentinel/national reference laboratory which has the following units and departments-
  1. The National Influenza Centre
  2. National External Quality Assurance Scheme (NEQAS)
  3. Serology
  4. National Bureau for Blood Transfusion Services (NBBTS)
  5. Biomedical Engineering and maintenance
  6. Quality Control and Training Section
  7. Biochemistry
  8.  Japanese Encephalitis, Measles and Rubella Laboratory (JE/Measles Polio Department)
  9. Endocrinology
  10. Hematology
  11. National Reference Laboratory for AIDS and STD Control (HIV Reference Laboratory)
  12. Oncopathology
  13. Immunology
  14. Microbiology
  15. Non-Communicable Disease Department (Four sections (Hematology, Biochemistry, Endocrinology, and Histo-Cytopathology)
  • The vision of NPHL is to develop it as the center of excellence in diagnosis.
  • The major goals of NPHL are to extend laboratory services in all hospitals and health care institutions up to the PHC level for the development of NPHL as a national reference laboratory for diagnostic and public health services and to address the diagnostic needs due to emerging and re-emerging diseases.
  • Major Routine Activities of NPHL are as follows-
  1. Routine and specialized diagnostic services including services of referral laboratory.
  2. Public health-related activities (laboratory-based surveillance [Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES)/Japanese encephalitis, measles/rubella, polio, antimicrobial resistance (AMR), influenza)], HIV reference unit, National Influenza Center, Biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) laboratory and outbreak investigation).
  3. Training and workshops.
  4. Logistics procurement and supply and laboratory refurbishment.
  5. Supervised and monitored, licensing lab, and Blood Transfusion Service Centers (BTSCS).
  6. National External Quality Assurance Scheme (hematology, biochemistry, gram stain, microbiology, AMR on selected bacterial pathogens and transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs).
  7. Polio containment and its accreditation.
  8. Assisting the Ministry of Health and Population (MoHP) in preparing medical laboratory-related, policies, legislation, and guidelines.
  9. Procurement of special types of kits and reagents and equipment for provincial and local level government laboratories.
  10. General administration functions.
  11. Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) Surveillance activities
  • Provincial Public Health Laboratories (PPHLs) are also available in Nepal at the state level to strengthen the NPHL.
  • If any update is lacking in the provided list, kindly mention it in a comment box and no doubt, we will definitely add it to the list.

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