Haptoglobin Test-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Test Methods, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction Haptoglobin is an acute-phase protein synthesized primarily in the liver. Its main physiological function is to bind free hemoglobin (Hb) released from erythrocytes, forming a stable haptoglobin-hemoglobin complex. This prevents the loss of iron and potential kidney damage that could result from hemoglobin passing …

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Urine Protein electrophoresis Test-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Test Methods, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Urine Protein electrophoresis Test-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Test Methods, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction Urine Protein Electrophoresis (UPEP) is a medical diagnostic test used to analyze and separate the proteins found in a urine sample. This test is primarily performed to detect and identify abnormal proteins, particularly those associated with certain medical conditions, including kidney disorders, multiple myeloma, …

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24-hour Urine Protein Test: Introduction, ,Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Clinical Significance,and Keynotes

24-hour Urine Protein Test Introduction, ,Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Clinical Significance,and Keynotes

Introduction The 24-hour urine protein test is a diagnostic procedure used to measure the amount of protein excreted in a person’s urine over a 24-hour period. It is an essential test for assessing kidney function, identifying kidney diseases, and monitoring the progression of certain conditions. …

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