Immunofluorescence assay (IFA)-Introduction, Principle, Types, Procedure, Result-Interpretation, Advantage, Disadvantage, and Interfering Factors of ELISA Test Results, and Keynotes

Introduction Immunofluorescence assay (IFA) is a laboratory technique used for detecting and visualizing specific antigens or antibodies in biological samples. It combines the principles of both immunology and fluorescence microscopy to provide highly specific and sensitive results. IFA is widely employed in various fields, including …

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VDRL Test: Introduction, Test Result, Normal Range, Test method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction The Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test is a blood test used to detect the presence of antibodies that are produced by the body in response to certain infections, primarily syphilis. Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. …

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Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV): Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Tzanck Smear- Positive of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

Introduction Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a common and highly contagious virus that infects humans. It belongs to the family Herpesviridae and is characterized by its ability to establish a lifelong infection in the host. HSV exists in two main types: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Transmission: …

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