Leuconostoc mesenteroides-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Leuconostoc mesenteroides in wet mount of culture microscopy at a magnification of 1600X

Introduction Leuconostoc mesenteroides is a species of lactic acid bacteria that plays a significant role in food fermentation and preservation. It is characterized by its ability to convert sugars into lactic acid, a process that enhances the shelf life and safety of many foods. This …

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Bacterial Vaginosis (BV)-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Common Pathogens, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Suspected Bacterial Vaginosis Vaginal Swab in Gram Staining Microscopy at a Magnification of 4000X

Introduction Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection characterized by an imbalance in the vaginal microbiota, leading to the overgrowth of certain types of bacteria. It is a condition that primarily affects individuals with female reproductive anatomy and can lead to a range of …

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Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a unique type of bacteria that belongs to the class Mollicutes. What sets it apart from other bacteria is its lack of a cell wall, which is a characteristic feature of most bacterial species. This absence of a cell wall makes …

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Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV): Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Tzanck Smear- Positive of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)

Introduction Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is a common and highly contagious virus that infects humans. It belongs to the family Herpesviridae and is characterized by its ability to establish a lifelong infection in the host. HSV exists in two main types: HSV-1 and HSV-2. Transmission: …

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Penicillium marneffei: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Conidia, conidiophore, phialide,and metullae of Penicillium marneffei in LPCB tease mount of culture microscopy at a magnification of 400X

Introduction Penicillium marneffei is a thermally dimorphic fungus and a significant human pathogen, causing a rare but severe disease called penicilliosis marneffei. It is classified under the phylum Ascomycota and the family Talaromycetaceae. The fungus was first discovered and described by a French physician, Captain …

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Leptospira IgM and IgG Test: Introduction, Test Result, Test Method, Clinical Significane, and Keynotes

Leptospira IgM and IgG Test Result-Negative

Introduction The Leptospira IgM and IgG test is a serological diagnostic test used to detect specific antibodies against Leptospira bacteria in a person’s blood. Leptospirosis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection with pathogenic Leptospira species, and it can affect both animals and humans. The …

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Escherichia coli: Introduction, Pathogenic Strains and Preventive Measures

Escherichia coli in Gram Staining of Culture Microscopy at a Magnification of 4000X

Introduction of Escherichia coli Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a type of bacteria that is commonly found in the intestines of humans and animals. While most strains of E. coli are harmless, some can cause illness, such as urinary tract infections, gastrointestinal infections, and even …

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