Respiratory Tract Infections-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Common Pathogens, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Respiratory Tract Infections-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Common Pathogens, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Introduction Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a group of illnesses that affect the respiratory system, which includes the organs and structures involved in breathing. These infections can range from mild to severe and may involve various parts of the respiratory tract, including the upper and …

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Mycoplasma pneumoniae: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a unique type of bacteria that belongs to the class Mollicutes. What sets it apart from other bacteria is its lack of a cell wall, which is a characteristic feature of most bacterial species. This absence of a cell wall makes …

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Enteroviruses: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Enteroviruses are a group of viruses that belong to the Picornaviridae family. They are a diverse group of viruses that can cause a wide range of illnesses, from mild cold-like symptoms to more serious diseases. Enteroviruses primarily infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread …

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Chlamydia pneumoniae: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Chlamydia pneumoniae, also known as Chlamydophila pneumoniae, is a species of bacteria that belongs to the Chlamydiaceae family. It is an obligate intracellular pathogen, meaning it can only survive and replicate inside the cells of its host. It primarily infects the respiratory system, causing …

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Streptococcus pyogenes: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Streptococcus pyogenes colony morphology on blood agar

Introduction Streptococcus pyogenes, also known as Group A Streptococcus (GAS), is a gram-positive, spherical bacterium that belongs to the Streptococcaceae family. It is one of the most common and important human pathogens, responsible for a wide range of infections in humans. This bacterium is typically …

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