Streptococcus pneumoniae: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Optochin sensitive Streptococcus pneumoniae

Introduction Streptococcus pneumoniae, commonly known as pneumococcus, is a bacterium that can cause a wide range of infections in humans. It is one of the most significant pathogens responsible for various diseases, particularly pneumonia, meningitis, and otitis media (middle ear infections). Characteristics: Transmission: Diseases caused …

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Vibrio cholerae Serotyping: Introduction, Principle, Test Requirements, Test Procedure, Result- Interpretation and Keynotes

Vibrio cholerae Serotyping Procedure

Introduction of Vibrio cholerae Serotyping Vibrio Serotyping helps to differentiate serotypes of Vibrio. Serotypes refer to separate groups within a species of microorganisms that all share a similar property. More specifically, each serotype has the same number of antigens on its surfaces. For example, V.cholerae O1 serovar Inaba, V. cholerae O1 serovar …

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Dengue: Introduction, Serotypes, Symptoms, Severity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Dengue Patient with severe headache and fever on IV Paracetamol 1 gm

Introduction Dengue is a mosquito (Aedes aegypti)-borne viral disease. It is a major health threat in the tropical and sub-tropical territories of the world, particularly in urban and semi-urban areas. Approximately 50-100 million individuals have been infected with this fever annually (WHO data) and more …

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