Sigmoidoscopy-Introduction, Principle, Handling Procedure, Application, and Keynotes

Introduction Sigmoidoscopy is a medical procedure used to examine the lower part of the large intestine, specifically the sigmoid colon and rectum. It is a type of endoscopy and is performed by a healthcare provider known as a gastroenterologist or colorectal surgeon. Sigmoidoscopy is a …

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Helicobacter pylori Antigen Test: Introduction, Principle,Test Procedure,Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Testing Methods,and Keynotes

Helicobacter pylori Antigen Test- Introduction, Principle,Test Procedure,Test Result, Unit, Reference Range, Testing Methods,and Keynotes

Introduction Introduction: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a bacterium that colonizes the human stomach and is a major cause of various gastrointestinal disorders, including gastritis, peptic ulcers, and even gastric cancer. The discovery of H. pylori‘s role in these diseases revolutionized the field of gastroenterology …

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