ESBL (Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase)- Introduction, List of Bacteria, Pathogenicity, Symptoms, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

ESBL (Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase)- Introduction, List of Bacteria, Pathogenicity, Symptoms, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL) is a term that encompasses a group of enzymes produced by certain bacteria. These enzymes impart resistance to a wide range of beta-lactam antibiotics, which are frequently used in clinical medicine. Here’s an introduction to ESBL: Origin and Mechanism: Clinical …

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Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs)- Introduction, List of Bacteria, Pathogenicity, Symptoms, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction of Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) Metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) are a group of enzymes produced by certain bacteria that impart resistance to a wide range of beta-lactam antibiotics. These enzymes play a crucial role in the global health challenge posed by antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. Origin and Mechanism: Clinical …

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K. pneumoniae-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

K. pneumoniae-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Klebsiella pneumoniae, often abbreviated as K. pneumoniae, is a species of Gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria commonly found in the human digestive tract, as well as in soil and water. While it is a part of the normal flora in the human gut, K. pneumoniae can …

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Urine Culture and Sensitivity: Introduction, Report, Clinical Significance, Common Pathogens, and Keynotes

Urine routine examination showing numerous pus cells and bacteria -urinary tract infection (UTI) due to bacteria

Introduction Urine culture and sensitivity is a medical diagnostic test used to identify and quantify the microorganisms present in a urine sample and determine their sensitivity to various antibiotics. It is a crucial procedure in diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and guiding appropriate treatment. Here’s …

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Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamase (ESBL): Introduction, List of Bacteria, Pathogenicity, Symptoms, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Extended spectrum beta lactamase (ESBL) detection using Double-Disc Synergy Test (DDST)

Introduction ESBL stands for Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase. It refers to a group of enzymes produced by certain types of bacteria that can break down and inactivate a broad range of antibiotics called beta-lactams. Beta-lactams include commonly used antibiotics like penicillins, cephalosporins, and carbapenems. ESBL-producing bacteria are …

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Agar Art with Living Microbes: Introduction, Requirements, Making Procedure, Application, and Keynotes

Agar Art with Living Microbes: Introduction, Requirements, Making Procedure, Application, and Keynotes

Introduction of Agar Art with Living Microbes Agar art or microbial art or agar art with living microbes and germ art are the synonyms in which artwork is created by culturing microbes in certain patterns. The microorganisms used can be bacteria, yeast fungi, or protists …

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Biochemical Test of Gram-Negative Bacteria: Introduction, Common Tests, List of Organisms, Keynotes, and Some Related Footages

Biochemical Test of Gram-Negative Bacteria: Introduction, Common Tests, List of Organisms, Keynotes, and Some Related Footages

Introduction of Biochemical Test of Gram-Negative Bacteria Gram-negative bacteria are the most common etiological agents which are responsible for bacterial infections as well as viral co-infections. Clinical Microbiology Laboratory generally becomes busy due to those isolates. The need for ‘Biochemical Test of Gram-Negative Bacteria’ is …

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Gram-negative bacilli bacteria: Introduction, List of Bacteria, Keynotes, and Related Footage

Introduction of Gram-Negative Bacilli (GNB) Bacteria ‘Gram Positive Negative (GNB)‘ is also called Gram Negative Rods (GNR) bacteria which take safranin after decolorization and stain pink or red on Gram’s staining. The most of GNR bacteria are medically important and among them few are Escherichia …

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