Staphylococcus hominis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Staphylococcus hominis colony morphology on blood agar

Introduction Staphylococcus hominis is a type of bacteria commonly found on human skin. It is part of the natural skin flora, living harmlessly in most cases. However, it can cause infections, especially in people with weakened immune systems or with implanted medical devices. These infections …

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K. oxytoca-Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

K. oxytoca growth on CLED agar

Introduction Klebsiella oxytoca, often abbreviated as K. oxytoca, is a species of gram-negative, rod-shaped bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. This bacterium is closely related to Klebsiella pneumoniae, another well-known member of the same genus. It is a versatile microorganism that can be found in …

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Candida tropicalis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Various Candida species grew on Candida CHROMAgar -Candida albicans (green), Candida tropicalis (cream-colored to light pink colonies), Candida glabrata (purple to lavender-color), Candida krusei(dark blue to mauve colonies), and Candida parapsilosis (cream-colored) as shown in the figure.

Introduction Candida tropicalis is a species of yeast, belonging to the Candida genus, commonly found in the environment and on the human body as part of the normal microbial flora. Similar to other Candida species, it can exist as a commensal organism, coexisting harmlessly with …

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Pseudomonas aeruginosa: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Pseudomonas aeruginosa non-lactose fermenting (NLF) colony and mucoid lactose fermenting colony of Klebsiella pneumoniae on MacConkey medium

Introduction Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a Gram-negative bacterium that is widely distributed in nature and is known for its versatility and adaptability. It is an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing infections in humans, particularly in individuals with weakened immune systems or underlying medical conditions. P. aeruginosa …

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Citrobacter freundii: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Citrobacter freundii growth on CLED agar of Urine Culture

Introduction Citrobacter freundii is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. It is commonly found in the environment, including soil, water, and the intestinal tracts of humans and animals. Citrobacter freundii is an opportunistic pathogen, meaning it can cause infections in individuals with weakened …

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Staphylococcus lentus: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Serratia ficaria on CLED Agar of Urine Culture

Introduction Staphylococcus lentus is a species of Gram-positive bacteria belonging to the genus Staphylococcus. It is classified as a coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS), which means it does not produce the enzyme coagulase. CoNS are commonly found as part of the normal human skin and mucous membrane …

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Serratia fonticola: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment,Prevention, and Keynotes

Gram negative bacilli or rods of Serratia fonticola in Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) sample Gram staining

Introduction Serratia fonticola is a Gram-negative bacterium that belongs to the genus Serratia. It was first isolated and described in 1998 from water samples in a freshwater spring in California, USA. Since its discovery, S. fonticola has been identified in various environmental sources, including soil, …

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