Candidiasis-Introduction, Types, Signs and Symptoms, Causative Agent, Laboratory Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention and Control, and Keynotes

Candida albicans growth on SDA after 2 days of incubation

Introduction Candidiasis is an infection caused by Candida fungi, commonly Candida albicans. These fungi naturally live on the skin and inside the body, like in the mouth, throat, gut, and vagina, without causing problems. However, if the environment inside the body changes or the immune …

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Candida parapsilosis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Candida parapsilosis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Candida parapsilosis is a species of yeast or fungus that is commonly found in the environment and can also be a commensal organism in the human body. It is a member of the Candida genus, which includes several species of yeast that can cause …

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Urine Culture and Sensitivity: Introduction, Report, Clinical Significance, Common Pathogens, and Keynotes

Urine routine examination showing numerous pus cells and bacteria -urinary tract infection (UTI) due to bacteria

Introduction Urine culture and sensitivity is a medical diagnostic test used to identify and quantify the microorganisms present in a urine sample and determine their sensitivity to various antibiotics. It is a crucial procedure in diagnosing urinary tract infections (UTIs) and guiding appropriate treatment. Here’s …

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Cryptococcus neoformans: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Abundant Yeast cells with occasional hyphae of Cryptococcus neoformans in India ink preparation of culture microscopy

Introduction Cryptococcus neoformans is a pathogenic fungus and one of the leading causes of fungal infections in humans. It belongs to the genus Cryptococcus, which includes several species, but C. neoformans is the most clinically significant one. This fungus primarily affects immunocompromised individuals, such as …

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Candida parapsilosis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Candida parapsilosis growth on Candida CHROMagar

Introduction Candida parapsilosis is a species of yeast that belongs to the Candida genus, which includes various fungi commonly found in the environment and on the human body. Candida species are part of the normal human microbiota, residing on the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal …

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Candida tropicalis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Various Candida species grew on Candida CHROMAgar -Candida albicans (green), Candida tropicalis (cream-colored to light pink colonies), Candida glabrata (purple to lavender-color), Candida krusei(dark blue to mauve colonies), and Candida parapsilosis (cream-colored) as shown in the figure.

Introduction Candida tropicalis is a species of yeast, belonging to the Candida genus, commonly found in the environment and on the human body as part of the normal microbial flora. Similar to other Candida species, it can exist as a commensal organism, coexisting harmlessly with …

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Candida glabrata: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Yeast cells and hyphae of Candida glabrata in Giemsa stained smear of sputum microscopy at a magnification of 1000X

Introduction Candida glabrata is a species of yeast, specifically a type of fungus, that belongs to the Candida genus. It is commonly found in the environment and is also part of the normal microbial flora on the skin and mucous membranes of humans. While it …

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Mycology: Introduction, Structure, Classification of Medically Important Fungi, Fungal Infection, Prevention, and Control of Fungal Infections

Mycology: Introduction, Structure, Classification of Medically Important Fungi, Fungal Infection, Prevention, and Control of Fungal Infections

Introduction of Mycology Mycology is the science that deals with the study of fungi whereas medical mycology is the science that deals with the study of fungi that causes disease is called medical mycology. General Features- Yeast Unicellular formSize-Width: 1-5 µmLength: 5-30 µmShape-Commonly oval shape …

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