Fungal Typing, Sequencing, and AFLP in Clinical Mycology Lab-Introduction, Purpose, Method, Application, and Conclusion

Various Candida species growth on Chromagar-Candida albicans, Candida krusie, Candida tropicalis, and Candida glabrata

Introduction to Advanced Molecular Techniques in Clinical Mycology Clinical mycology laboratories play a crucial role in diagnosing and managing fungal infections. Traditional methods like culture and microscopy are often complemented by advanced molecular techniques to improve the accuracy and speed of fungal identification. Among these …

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Scrub Typhus IgM Test: Introduction, Test Result, Test Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Testing Scrub Typhus Antibodies (IgM and IgG) at home

Introduction The Scrub Typhus IgM test is a diagnostic assay used to detect IgM antibodies against the bacteria Orientia tsutsugamushi, which causes scrub typhus, a vector-borne infectious disease. It is prevalent in certain parts of Asia, the Pacific Islands, and other regions with heavy vegetation …

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SARS-CoV-2 PCR Test-Introduction, Test Result, Test Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

SARS-CoV-2 PCR Test-Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Normal Range, Test Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test is a molecular diagnostic technique used to detect the genetic material of the SARS-CoV-2 virus in individuals suspected of having COVID-19. This test plays a crucial role in identifying active infections …

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Varicella-Zoster Antibody, IgG Assay:Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Normal Range, Test Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Varicella-Zoster Antibody, IgG Assay:Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Normal Range, Test Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

Introduction Varicella-zoster antibody, IgG assay, is a medical test used to measure the levels of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies in the blood. VZV is the virus responsible for causing chickenpox (varicella) and can also re-emerge later in life as shingles (herpes …

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Nasal Swab Culture and Sensitivity: Introduction, Report, Clinical Significance, Common Pathogens, and Keynotes

Nasal Swab Culture and Sensitivity Introduction, Report, Clinical Significance, Common Pathogens, and Keynotes

Introduction Nasal swab culture and sensitivity is a diagnostic laboratory test used to identify and determine the antibiotic sensitivity of microorganisms present in the nasal passages. It is a valuable tool in the diagnosis and management of various respiratory infections, particularly those caused by bacteria. …

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Salmonella Typhi IgM and IgG Test: Introduction, Test Report, Test Method, Clinical Significance, Keynotes

Salmonella rapid test

Introduction The Salmonella Typhi IgM and IgG test is a serological test used to detect antibodies produced by the immune system in response to Salmonella Typhi, the bacterium responsible for causing typhoid fever. This test helps in diagnosing and confirming cases of typhoid fever, a …

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TB PCR for Sputum: Introduction, Test Result, Unit, Normal Range, Assaying Method, Clinical Significance, and Keynotes

TB PCR for Sputum-Mycobacterium tuberculosis Detected but Rifampicin Resistance not Detection

Introduction TB PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for sputum is a laboratory test used in the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB). It is a molecular diagnostic technique that detects the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (the bacterium that causes TB) DNA in sputum samples. Traditional methods of diagnosing …

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