Rifampicin Resistant Indeterminate- Introduction, Result, Cause, Implication, and Summary

Rifampicin Resistant Indeterminate result of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Introduction “Rifampicin resistant indeterminate” refers to an unclear or inconclusive result in testing for resistance to the antibiotic rifampicin, often used in the treatment of tuberculosis (TB). Here’s a breakdown of the term: Rifampicin Resistant Result and Cause Indeterminate Result: This means the test did …

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Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs)-Introduction, Principle, Test Requirements, Procedure, Result-Interpretation, Application, and Keynotes

Introduction of Restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs) Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphisms (RFLPs) are a type of genetic variation found within the DNA of organisms, including humans. They were one of the earliest molecular techniques used for genetic analysis and have played a significant role in …

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Multilocus sequence typing (MLST)-Introduction, Principle, Test Requirements, Procedure, Result-Interpretation, Application, and Keynotes

Introduction Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) is a molecular typing technique used in microbiology and genetics to classify and differentiate bacterial strains based on their genetic diversity. MLST is particularly valuable for studying the epidemiology and evolution of bacterial pathogens. Here is an introduction to the …

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Cladosporium: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Introduction Cladosporium is a genus of fungi that belongs to the phylum Ascomycota. It is a diverse and widespread group of molds that can be found in various environments, including soil, plants, decaying organic matter, and indoor spaces. Cladosporium species (they) are known for their …

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Curvularia: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Curvularia Colony characteristics on SDA-Reverse side view

Introduction Curvularia is a genus of filamentous fungi belonging to the family Pleosporaceae, commonly found in soil, decaying plant material, and various environmental niches. These fungi are known for their distinctive curved or sigmoid-shaped conidia (asexual spores), which give the genus its name. Characteristics: Pathogenicity: …

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Candida parapsilosis: Introduction, Morphology, Pathogenicity, Lab Diagnosis, Treatment, Prevention, and Keynotes

Candida parapsilosis growth on Candida CHROMagar

Introduction Candida parapsilosis is a species of yeast that belongs to the Candida genus, which includes various fungi commonly found in the environment and on the human body. Candida species are part of the normal human microbiota, residing on the skin, mucous membranes, and gastrointestinal …

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Gene Sequencing: Introduction, and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Cryptococcus Sequencing

Introduction of Gene Sequencing Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) sequencing is the process of finding out the nucleic acid sequence – the order of nucleotides in DNA. It includes any method or technology (Sanger/Next-generation sequencing) that is used to find out the order of the four bases …

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